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Adverbs (adverbios) are invariable words that modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Adverbs can provide additional information about manner, quantity, frequency, time, or place. Many adverbs are formed from adjectives, by adding the suffix -mente to the feminine singular form, the same way we add (-ly) to an adjective in English. Adverbs explain when, how, where, how often, or to what degree something is done. There is a list of the most common adverbs at the bottom of this page.
Positions of Spanish Adverbs:
- If a Spanish adverb is modifying a verb, we place the adverb after the verb: juegas bien (you play well)
- No adverb can be put between two verbs like in English, it should be placed after the two verbs: vamos a jugar aquí (let's play here)
- When an adverb is modifying another adverb or an adjective, the adverb will be placed before the adverb/ adjective it modifies:
- escribes muy bien (you write very well) - yo estoy siempre orgulloso de mi país (I'm always proud of my country)
So the easiest part is to change adjectives into adverbs by simply adding ~mente. Here is an example of how to change an adjective to an adverb:
- Su herida está grave (her wound is serious) becomes - Ella está gravemente herida (She is seriously wounded.)
Summary of Spanish Adverbs:
To form an adverb from an adjective in Spanish we simply add (~mente) to the Spanish adjective, just like how we add (~ly) to the adjective in English.
Adjective lento (slow) becomes adverb lentamente (slowly): puedes hablar lentamente? (Can you speak slowly?)
There are adverbs that don't have anything to do with adjectives, like aquí (here), bien (well), despacio (slowly)... if you scroll down you will see a long list of adverbs related & non related to adjectives, they’re used very often, so it would be very helpful to memorize them! Good luck!
List of Adverbs:
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Spanish adverbs, adverbs ending, Spanish adverbs list.