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Adverbs (adverbios) are invariable words that modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Adverbs can provide additional information about manner, quantity, frequency, time, or place. Many adverbs are formed from adjectives, by adding the suffix -mente to the feminine singular form, the same way we add (-ly) to an adjective in English. Adverbs explain when, how, where, how often, or to what degree something is done. There is a list of the most common adverbs at the bottom of this page.

 

Positions of Spanish Adverbs:

- If a Spanish adverb is modifying a verb, we place the adverb after the verb:  juegas bien (you play well)

- No adverb can be put between two verbs like in English, it should be placed after the two verbs: vamos a jugar aquí (let's play here)

- When an adverb is modifying another adverb or an adjective, the adverb will be placed before the adverb/ adjective it modifies:

- escribes muy bien (you write very well)     -  yo estoy siempre orgulloso de mi país (I'm always proud of my country) 

So the easiest part is to change adjectives into adverbs by simply adding ~mente. Here is an example of how to change an adjective to an adverb:

- Su herida está grave (her wound is serious) becomes - Ella está gravemente herida (She is seriously wounded.)


In a series of adverbs, only the last one takes the -mente suffix, while the other adverbs have the form of feminine adjectives:
El intérprete debe pensar clara, rápida y correctamente. (The interpreter should think clearly, quickly and correctly.)

 

Summary of Spanish Adverbs:

 

To form an adverb from an adjective in Spanish we simply add (~mente) to the Spanish adjective, just like how we add (~ly) to the adjective in English.

Adjective lento (slow) becomes adverb lentamente (slowly):  puedes hablar lentamente? (Can you speak slowly?)

There are adverbs that don't have anything to do with adjectives, like aquí (here), bien (well), despacio (slowly)... if you scroll down you will see a long list of adverbs related & non related to adjectives, they’re used very often, so it would be very helpful to memorize them! Good luck!

 

 

List of Adverbs:

 

SPANISH ADVERBS

MANNER ADVERBS 

QUANTITY ADVERBS 

 

 

 

 

(adjective)+mente

(adjective)+ly

apenas

hardly, barely

alto

loudly

bastante

quite, enough

bajo

softly

casi

almost

bien

well

demasiado

too much

mal

poorly

más

more

mejor

better

menos

less

peor

worse

mucho

a lot

 

 

muy

very

FREQUENCY ADVERBS 

poco

few, little

 

 

tanto

so/as much/many

a veces

sometimes

 

 

frecuentemente

often

TIME ADVERBS 

nunca

never

 

 

raramente

rarely

actualmente

currently

siempre

always

ahora

now

 

 

anteayer

the day before yesterday

PLACE ADVERBS 

ayer

yesterday

 

 

cuando

when

abajo

below, downstairs

después

after

acá

here, over here

entonces

next, then

adentro

in, inside

hoy

today

afuera

outside

luego

soon

alguna parte

somewhere

mañana

tomorrow

allá

over there

mientras

while

allí

there

por fin

finally

aquí

here

pronto

soon

arriba

above, upstairs

tarde

late

cerca

nearby

temprano

early

delante

ahead

todavía

still, yet

detrás

behind

ya

already

donde

where

 

 

encima

above, on top

POINT OF VIEW ADVERBS 

enfrente

in front of

 

 

fuera

outside

personalmente

personally

todas partes

everywhere

quizás

perhaps

 

 

evidentemente

obviously

NEGATION ADVERBS  

 

 

 

 

INTERROGATION ADVERBS 

jamás

never

 

  

ni

neither

¿adónde?

To where?

no

no

¿cómo?

How?

nunca

nunca

¿cuándo?

When?

tampoco

neither

¿cuánto?

How much/many?

 

 

¿dónde?

Where?

INCLUSION ADVERBS  

¿porque?

Why?

 

 

 

 

además

moreover

 

 

aún

still, yet

 

 

tambien

also, too

 

 

 

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